ALL SAINT'S CHURCH   

LLANELLI  CARMARTHENSHIRE.   WEST WALES



 
 
Note the unusual shallow pitch of the roof covering the tower.

 

The church was erected circa.1872 when it is considered that a warm air stove system was installed in the church. Evidence of this can be seen in the furnace room where an old chimney flue has been bricked up, and also internal floor gratings. The church was enlarged in 1887 and this has to have been the time period when the Perkins HPHW heating system was installed to replace the warm air stove. This  5 circuit Perkins heating system is the largest system so far discovered by the Heritage Group.




In this Welsh church for the first time the name of the original installer of the Perkins system has been found and identified.
Their named wall plaque has been left fixed to the furnace wall.

 
             Brickwork furnace now oil fired.   Note the 5 return pipework circuits.

The Perkins HPHW heating system is a 5 circuit system complete with its original  solid fuel fired brickwork furnace which has now been converted to oil firing. The system has 3 expansion pipes fitted which are necessary to cope with the larger expansion volume of the heated water due to the long lengths of the pipework circuits.

                                      


Good maintenance proceedures recommend that Perkins systems should be hydraulically checked and re-charged every two or three heating seasons. The Heritage Group therefore, were fortunate to be visiting the church on the same day that the system was having a pre-heating season maintenance service. This involved checking for any leaks, opening the filling and air vents points and then flushing fresh water through the pipework to remove any pockets of air that could have built up inside the pipework circuits since the last service. The system was topped up with fresh water to the fill point and then fired up to check for leaks and prove effective circulation of heat within the pipe circuits.



 
 
 

                   Maintenance engineers at work carrying
                        out the flushing of the pipework

 


 
 
The skill and craftsmanship of the Victorian engineering Artisan can be readily illustrated in these two pictures which show a double row of pipework bent and formed to follow the radius of the circular column. The two pipes form a perfect semi-circle around the base of the column. This example becomes even more remarkable when we understand that it was fabricated without the help of hydraulic benders or electricity which was not yet available.   All bends in pipework had to be hot forge formed.




Many purpose made air vents have been fitted at the high points in the 5 circuits. These are similar in design as with the other Perkins heating systems found in Churches and Chapels in South Wales.
 


AUGUST   2003